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Explore the Timeless Beauty of Basantapur Durbar Square, the Crown Jewel of Kathmandu

Basantapur Durbar Square sits in front of the former royal palace of Kathmandu and is one of the three central squares of Kathmandu. It is one of the many UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Nepal.

Unfortunately, the April 25, 2015 earthquake destroyed the square and its various monuments and temples; Local and international artists, architects, and historians have been commissioned to restore the treasures of buildings and artifacts.

The historical and cultural plaza, with ancient architecture and monuments, vividly displays Newari art. The complex consists of four sides, a courtyard, and a temple.

The Royal Palace, located in Dattaray Square, was moved to Durbar Square. Established during the Lichavi period in the third century, the buildings in Durbar Square served as the royal seat for the Malla kings when Kathmandu became independent during the reign of King Ratna Malla (1484-1520). Even King Prithivi Narayan Shah, who invaded the Kathmandu Valley in 1769, chose the Kathmandu Durbar Square Palace, and for some time, the Shah kings ruled here.

Recently, the reign of King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah (1975) and King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah (2001) took place here.

Durbar Square is also known as ‘Hanuman Dhoka’; Hanuman is a monkey who worships Lord Ram. A short drive from major tourist destinations like Thamel, one can easily step out of their hotel and explore the wonders of the ancient Nepal kingdom’s seat. The busy streets and squares with interesting sights provide a pleasant and relaxing atmosphere.


Overall, a visit to the Basantapur or Kathmandu Durbar Square is a must for any tourist visiting Kathmandu. The square is home to several historical and cultural landmarks, including the Kathmandu Durbar Square, which was once the seat of Nepal’s royal family and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The square is also home to many temples and palaces, including the Taleju Temple, the Hanuman Dhoka Palace, and the Kumari Ghar, home to the living goddess Kumari. The square is a hub of cultural activity, with some festivals and events held here throughout the year. It is a great place to learn about Nepal’s history and culture and experience Kathmandu’s vibrant atmosphere.

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Keshab Karki
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